EXPO Astana 2017
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expoastana

Kazakhstan

FOCUS ON THE COUNTRY











Kazakhstan, former republic of the Soviet Union, is an emerging country that has been developing intensely in recent decades.
Abstract:
Area: 2,724,902 km2
Population: 18,050,488
Language: Kazakh (official), Russian
Capital: Astana
Institutional form: Presidential Republic
Independence: 16th December 1991
Member of: CSI, EBRD, UN, OSCE
Currency: Tenge (KTZ)
Ethnic groups: 63.6% Kazakh, 23.3% Russian, 2.9% Uzbek, 2.0% Ukrainian, 1.4% Uyghur, 1.2% Tatar, 1.1% German, 4.5% others
Location:
Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world (2 717 300 square km) and the second biggest country in the CIS. Its area could simultaneously accommodate European countries such as France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Norway and Finland, or Asian countries such as Pakistan, Turkey, Iraq, Japan and Vietnam.
In the west of the country there’s the Caspian Sea, which is rich in oil fields. In the north, Kazakhstan borders on Russia. In the East, it borders on China. In the South it borders on China and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
Political system:
The Republic of Kazakhstan is a democratic, secular, legal and social state whose highest values are the individual, his life, rights and freedoms.
Kazakhstan’s activities are based on the fundamental principles of public concord and political stability, economic development for the benefit of all, patriotism, and resolving the most important state issues through democratic means, which includes direct and indirect suffrage elections.
The Republic of Kazakhstan has a presidential form of government.
The state power in the Republic of Kazakhstan is executed on the basis of the Constitution and laws in accordance with the principle of its division into the legislative (Parliament), executive (Government) and judicial branches.
Culture:
The Kazakhs are an extremely hospitable people. If you come to a Kazakh home unexpected you will be received as if you had been invited. Since early childhood principles of respect of guests and older people as well as peacefulness and tolerance are instilled in every Kazakh and these are the national features of Kazakh culture and tradition. This is why Kazakhstan didnt have any significant national or religious conflicts in its history. Traditionally every guest is offered dishes of national Kazakh cuisine at the dastarkhan (the low table) in a yurt (movable house).
The Kazakhs love the art of words and their akyns (poets), who improvise at public competitions (aitys) accompanied by national stringed musical instruments: the dombra or the kobyz. National dress varies by regions. National games are usually performed on horse-back and are an opportunity to witness the Kazakhs outstanding riding skills.
Nauryz (the Islamic New Year) is one of the biggest holidays in Central Asia, celebrated on the day of spring equinox of March 22. On that day, the streets of villages and towns are transformed. Guests are met in beautiful yurts with the traditional Nauryz kozhe dish made of seven traditional ingredients. People respecting this nearly month-long holiday forgive each other debts and offences.
Kazakh national cuisine reflects essence of the nation, its history, culture and traditions. Hospitality has always been a distinctive feature of the Kazakh nation, thus guests are always given a warm reception and the best seat.
The most popular Kazakh dish is ‘besbarmak’. It is the main dish of the national cuisine and is translated as ‘five fingers’, and because the dish is eaten with hands.
Traditional first course dish in the Kazakh cuisine is shurpa, a well cooked broth with meat, vegetables and spices. It is usually served in big bowls. During and after the meal kumys and tea are served.
Traditionally Kazakh cuisine was based on meat and dairy products. Later the list was enriched with vegetables, fruits, fish, seafood, farinaceous dishes and sweets.