President: Vincenzo De Luca
County seat: Napoli
Other provinces: Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Salerno
Number of citizens: 5.869.000
Information about the region
Campania is a region in southern Italy, extending for about 14.000 km2 between the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Apennines (a mountain range crossing the entire Italian peninsula) and with its 6 million inhabitants it is among the Italian regions with the highest population density per km2. Naples is the provincial capital and headquarters of regional government institutions.
Already inhabited in the III millennium B.C., from the VIII sec. B.C. the region became a home for the populations of Greek origin from which Neapolis - the "new city" - was bornt. Later, the Region went under the influence of the Rome government and was renamed “Campania Felix” for its prosperity.
With the ascension of the Norman dynasty in the XII century, the region, along with much of southern Italy, found political unity under the crown of the Kingdom of Sicily, becoming Kingdom of the two Sicilies. From that time until the 19th century, despite the succession of Angevin, Aragon and Bourbon dynasties, Naples and its Kingdom became one of the major cultural, artistic and economic poles of Europe of the time.
Due to its millenary history, the region is rich in archaeological sites and resources ranging from prehistoric times to Romanesque. In fact, Campania has six UNESCO World Heritage sites.
In the Vesuvian area, following the eruptions of Vesuvius described in ancient texts, a whole Roman city has been recovered: Pompeii, whose archaeological sites are one of the most visited sites in Italy.
Thanks to the Longobard, Byzantine, Islamic and Romanesque influences, the architectural, cultural and artistic heritage of the region has been enriched with styles that, besides forming immense wealth, makes the Region one with the highest concentration of Cultural and artistic resources of Italy and Europe.
Information about content promoted during Expo Astana
Campania Region has a natural vocation in producing Renewable Energy and it is the natural orographic link for the passage of energy infrastructures. Two conditions have emerged only in recent years, since international energy policies have forced the progressive abandonment of fossil fuels for renewable energy production.
The aim of regional policy is to plan and enhance the use of Renewable Energy, to enhance existing building and production assets, to plan distribution networks to serve the territory; All in a context of valorization of the territorial technological excellence to create a model of development consisting of small and medium plants connected to "intelligent" high-capacity networks, in the logic of the widespread smart grid, together with urban regeneration programs and energy efficiency of public and private structures.
In line with the foregoing, Campania identifies among the priority technological domains the ENERGY area within the scope of the RIS 3 Strategic Regional Intelligence Strategy.
Sustainability of the energy system goes through the introduction and dissemination of a wide range of technologies capable of achieving a reduction in emissions, both in energy generation and in end-use sectors, and in mitigating the risk associated with climate change. To the technologies in support of de-carbonization are also associated, in the light of environmental sustainability, those technologies that aim at a more efficient use of natural resources in respect of sites and the environment, smart grids and hybrid systems of energy generation and accumulation.
The Campania Region considers it strategic to participate in national and international strategies that promote the most significant energy experiences that will enable the exchange of knowledge on new energy sources that do not give rise to carbon dioxide emissions and to a low environmental impact.
In order to give substance to its participation, the Campania Region - also considered as featured in RIS3s Position Paper Energy - identifies the privileged content of its concept proposal in the following technological trajectories:
1. Methodologies, Technologies and Appliances for Energy Accumulation and Network Management (smart grids)
2. Energy efficiency
3. Smart energy (Hybrid systems)
4. Environmental sustainability